BEEROTH


BEEROTH
BEEROTH (Heb. בְּאֵרוֹת; "wells"), one of the Gibeonite cities mentioned as part of a confederacy together with Gibeon, Chephirah, and Kiriath-Jearim (Josh. 9:17). Beeroth is listed with the cities of Benjamin (Josh. 18:25); part of its population had previously fled to Gittaim (II Sam. 4:3). One of David's heroes came from Beeroth (II Sam. 23:37; I Chron. 11:39), as did the assassins of Ish-Bosheth (II Sam. 4:2). The town was resettled after the return from Babylon (Ezra 2:25; Neh. 7:29). Birea, where Bacchides encamped in 161 B.C.E. before the battle with Judah Maccabee (I Macc. 9:4), has been identified with the biblical locality. Beeroth is commonly identified with the Arab town al-Bīra near Ramallah, 9 mi. (14 km.) north of Jerusalem; Bronze Age remains have been found nearby, at Ra's al-Taḥūn. Several attempts to identify Beeroth with Tell al-Naṣb (Mizpeh?) or al-Jib (Gibeon) have been disproved by recent excavations. It has been proposed to locate Beeroth at Nebi Samwil, 1 mi. (1½ km.) south of el-Jib. Although this identification has not yet been confirmed by archaeological findings, it is strengthened by the statement of Eusebius (Onom. 48:9) that a village with this name was situated 7 mi. from Jerusalem on the road to Nikopolis (Emmaus; but according to Jerome, on the road to Neapoli, i.e., Shechem), and its possible appearance on the madaba map . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D.A. Alt, in: ZDPV, 69 (1953), 1–29; K. Elliger, ibid., 73 (1957), 125–32; idem, in: Mélanges… A. Robert (1957), 82–94; EM, 2 (1965), 8–9; Albright, in: AASOR, 4 (1924), 102–11; Z. Kallai, in: Eretz Israel, 3 (1954), 111–5. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Beeroth — may refer to:* Beeroth (north), a town near Jerusalem named in Joshua 9:17, 18:25; 2Samuel 4:2; Ezra 2:25; Nehemiah 7:29* Beeroth (south), a town named in Deuteronomy 10:6* Beirut, a town in Lebanon …   Wikipedia

  • Beeroth — (d.i. Brunnen, a. Geogr.), Stadt in Palästina, früher zu Gibeon, später zum Stamme Benjamin gehörig …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Beeroth —    Wells, one of the four cities of the Hivites which entered by fraud into a league with Joshua. It belonged to Benjamin (Josh. 18:25). It has by some been identified with el Bireh on the way to Nablus, 10 miles north of Jerusalem …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Beeroth — A Benjaminite city (Josh. 9:17) where the murderers of Ishbaal, son of Saul, lived (2 Sam. 4:2–3), probably about 15 km. (9 miles) north of Jerusalem …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Beeroth of the children of Jaakan —    (Deut. 10:6). The same as Bene jaakan (Num. 33:31) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Chephirah — is one of four towns named in Joshua 9:17 along with Gibeon, Beeroth, and Kiriath Jearim. The context is a story explaining a peace treaty between the Israelites and the natives of this region. Chephirah appears again in 18:26 as one of the towns …   Wikipedia

  • Rimmon — (Hebrew pomegranate ) is the proper name for a number of people or objects in the Hebrew Bible: Torah with rimmonim A man of Beeroth (2 Samuel 4:2), one of the four Gibeonite cities. (See Joshua 9:17.) A Syrian cult image, mentioned only in 2… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Hivites — The Hivites were one of the sons of Canaan according to the Table of Nations in Genesis 10. We know of the Hivites primarily as one of seven main people groups living in the land of Canaan upon the arrival of the Hebrews in the book of Joshua.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of traditional Hebrew place names — This is a list of traditional Hebrew place names. This list includes:*Places involved in the history (and beliefs) of Canaanite religion, Abrahamic religion and Hebrew culture and the (pre Modern or directly associated Modern) Hebrew (and… …   Wikipedia


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